Create a new service

If you are here, you probably have a very great idea for Twake, like adding a brand new feature into Twake, maybe a coffee maker service ? ☕️

Please ensure you read the Start working into a service before

To create a new component, a new folder must be created under the src/services one and an index.ts file must export the a class. This class will be instantiated by the platform and will be linked to the required services automatically.

In order to illustrate how to create a component, let's create a fake Notification service.

  1. Create the folder src/services/notification

  2. Create an index.ts file which exports a NotificationService class

// File src/services/notification/index.ts
import { TwakeService } from "../../core/platform/framework";
import NotificationServiceAPI from "./api.ts";
export default class NotificationService extends TwakeService<NotificationServiceAPI> {
version = "1";
name = "notification";
service: NotificationServiceAPI;
api(): NotificationServiceAPI {
return this.service;
}
}
  1. Our NotificationService class extends the generic TwakeService class and we defined the NotificationServiceAPI as its generic type parameter. It means that in the platform, the other components will be able to retrieve the component from its name and then consume the API defined in the NotificationServiceAPI interface and exposed by the api method.

    We need to create this NotificationServiceAPI interface which must extend the TwakeServiceProvider from the platform like:

// File src/services/notification/api.ts
import { TwakeServiceProvider } from "../../core/platform/framework/api";
export default interface NotificationServiceAPI extends TwakeServiceProvider {
/**
* Send a message to a list of recipients
*/
send(message: string, recipients: string[]): Promise<string>;
}
  1. Now that the interfaces are defined, we need to create the NotificationServiceAPI implementation (this is a dummy implementation which does nothing but illustrates the process):

// File src/services/notification/services/api.ts
import NotificationServiceAPI from "../api";
export class NotificationServiceImpl implements NotificationServiceAPI {
version = "1";
async send(message: string, recipients: string[]): Promise<string> {
return Promise.resolve(`${message} sent`);
}
}
  1. NotificationServiceImpl now needs to be instanciated from the NotificationService class since this is where we choose to keep its reference and expose it. There are several places which can be used to instanciate it, in the constructor itself, or in one of the TwakeService lifecycle hooks. The TwakeService abstract class has several lifecycle hooks which can be extended by the service implementation for customization pusposes:

  2. public async doInit(): Promise<this>; Customize the init step of the component. This is generally the place where services are instanciated. From this step, you can retrieve services consumed by the current component which have been already initialized by the platform.

  3. public async doStart(): Promise<this>; Customize the start step of the component. You have access to all other services which are already started.

// File src/services/notification/index.ts
import { TwakeService } from "../../core/platform/framework";
import NotificationServiceAPI from "./api.ts";
import NotificationServiceImpl from "./services/api.ts";
export default class NotificationService extends TwakeService<NotificationServiceAPI> {
version = "1";
name = "notification";
service: NotificationServiceAPI;
api(): NotificationServiceAPI {
return this.service;
}
public async doInit(): Promise<this> {
this.service = new NotificationServiceImpl();
return this;
}
}
  1. Now that the service is fully created, we can consume it from any other service in the platform. To do this, we rely on Typescript decorators to define the links between components. For example, let's say that the a MessageService needs to call the NotificationServiceAPI, we can create the link with the help of the @Consumes decorator and get a reference to the NotificationServiceAPI by calling the getProvider on the component context like:

import { TwakeService, Consumes } from "../../core/platform/framework";
import MessageServiceAPI from "./providapier";
import NotificationServiceAPI from "../notification/api";
@Consumes(["notification"])
export default class MessageService extends TwakeService<MessageServiceAPI> {
public async doInit(): Promise<this> {
const notificationService = this.context.getProvider<NotificationServiceAPI>("notification");
// You can not call anything defined in the NotificationServiceAPI interface from here or from inner services by passing down the reference to notificationService.
}
}

Configuration

The platform and services configuration is defined in the config/default.json file. It uses node-config under the hood and to configuration file inheritence is supported in the platform.

The list of services to start is defined in the services array like:

{
"services": ["auth", "user", "channels", "webserver", "websocket", "database", "realtime"]
}

Then each service can have its own configuration block which is accessible from its service name i.e. websocket service configuration is defined in the websocket element like:

{
"services": ["auth", "user", "channels", "webserver", "websocket", "orm"],
"websocket": {
"path": "/socket",
"adapters": {
"types": [],
"redis": {
"host": "redis",
"port": 6379
}
}
}
}

On the component class side, the configuration object is directly accessible from the configuration property like:

export default class WebSocket extends TwakeService<WebSocketAPI> {
async doInit(): Promise<this> {
// get the "path" value, defaults to "/socket" if not defined
const path = this.configuration.get < string > ("path", "/socket");
// The "get" method is generic and can accept custom types like
const adapters = this.configuration.get < AdaptersConfiguration > "adapters";
}
}
interface AdaptersConfiguration {
types: Array<string>;
redis: SocketIORedis.SocketIORedisOptions;
}

After creating a new service, you can add controllers, business services and entities, go back to the What is a service section

Create a new technical service

Now you are bringing things a step further, you are going to add new core services in Twake, like for instance a new database connector or encryption system.

Creating a new core service is as easy as creating a functional service. But it must be in src/core/platform/services .

You can read the complete list of existing technical services here .